Idea for

How might we enrich video with other resources or experiences so that it better supports your practice?

In Stage 1, we heard that watching a video by itself isn’t often helpful.

Idea
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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

Multi-camera-track Videos of Exemplary Teaching with Master Teacher Commentaries

Great teaching involves many simultaneous, intentional choices by a master teacher. These decisions are much like those of a great film director who uses multiple camera angles, lighting, and sound to create a powerful telling of his story. In the same way film students learn from being able to simultaneously view a completed film while listening to a director’s commentary (a “bonus feature” on DVD’s), so we should develop multi-camera-track videos of exemplary classroom teaching with a master teacher’s commentary which explains the many intentional choices the teacher made before, during, and after the lesson to maximize student learning. Viewers could watch the same lesson from many different camera angles and follow not only what the teacher does, but more importantly what all of the students do as a result of the master teacher’s choices. Such videos could be indexed by segments so teachers could quickly go to only the section of the video which demonstrates their chosen professional learning target.

Potential Impact

The creation of these multi-camera-track video samples would allow pre-service teachers, new teachers, and veteran teachers to better understand ALL of the components involved in creating a powerful learning experience for students. The current practice of trying to capture an instructional event with one camera angle at a time, does not adequately capture the many variables required to be manipulated in a precise manner in order to get the desired growth in student understanding. For example, when I was in high school and college I did not learn science in an inquiry-based manner. However, I’m expected to create these types of experiences for my students. I need to see a clear example of such teaching strategies in action in order to move toward teaching in that manner.

Possible Implementation

First, we will create free-standing video and sound-recording stations that can be placed in various parts of a classroom. Initially, we will purchase a readily available surveillance recording system that simultaneously captures multiple camera feeds of an event. We will then need to create an easy way for viewers to change between camera footage while viewing the videos so that viewers can explore the impact on student learning from the various teacher’s instructional choices. The last step is to create an optional sound track where the master teacher describes/commentates about the pedagogical choices that she made prior to the lesson, during the lesson, and after the lesson. Once a method and hardware configuration can be created to take such videos, practicing teachers would have a powerful way to capture and view what REALLY happens in all parts of the classroom.


Discussion (20)

Over 3 Years Ago

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Val B Community Guide

Seminole County

Bruce, I am definitely intrigued by the idea of being able to switch views while I am watching a video. Imagine the conversations that can come from that! Throughout RDC stage 1, some teachers commented on how polished videos sometimes feel contrived. Do you think this would be a area of concern?

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

Val, I think what makes my proposed version of classroom videos different is that YOU the viewer decides what part of the classroom on which you want to focus. In the other types of classroom videos (single camera angle only) you are only seeing the action that the video editor wants you to see. To me, good teacher reflection and training involves seeing the entire picture of what is happening in the classroom. For any lesson, no matter how great I may think it is, I rarely can create an environment where I have 100% engagement and on-task behaviors. If we could get a larger sample (i.e. many videos of classroom lessons in action) of these "whole classroom" multi-camera-track videos of master teachers, everyone will see that even with an experienced teacher, sometimes a great lesson isn't great for every student in the class. As a tool for self-reflection, I would love to get the opportunity to go back and look at what ALL of my students are doing during my lesson. This would help me get a better picture of how every student in my class responded to my instructional choices. As a research tool, this type of video would be an excellent tool to do all kinds of analysis of student engagement, student-student interactions, group process skills in action, etc. If we could develop an unobtrusive way to collect this type of multi-camera-track videos, we would have an extremely powerful tool for professional training, self-reflection, and education research.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Brian V

Sumner Academy Of Arts & Science

Great idea! Why switch views when you could watch them all at once, at least in thumbnail form? You could write a script to create syncing information for the videos once after creating them and then mouse over them for audio and/or larger video from a particular source. Everyone in the room with a smartphone could become a source of evidence of student learning. It would be a powerful tool for those doing lesson study as well. Especially helpful would be collaborative time-based tagging and commenting of lesson events.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

Val, I think what makes my proposed version of classroom videos different is that YOU the viewer decides what part of the classroom on which you want to focus. In the other types of classroom videos (single camera angle only) you are only seeing the action that the video editor wants you to see. To me, good teacher reflection and training involves seeing the entire picture of what is happening in the classroom. For any lesson, no matter how great I may think it is, I rarely can create an environment where I have 100% engagement and on-task behaviors. If we could get a larger sample (i.e. many videos of classroom lessons in action) of these "whole classroom" multi-camera-track videos of master teachers, everyone will see that even with an experienced teacher, sometimes a great lesson isn't great for every student in the class. As a tool for self-reflection, I would love to get the opportunity to go back and look at what ALL of my students are doing during my lesson. This would help me get a better picture of how every student in my class responded to my instructional choices. As a research tool, this type of video would be an excellent tool to do all kinds of analysis of student engagement, student-student interactions, group process skills in action, etc. If we could develop an unobtrusive way to collect this type of multi-camera-track videos, we would have an extremely powerful tool for professional training, self-reflection, and education research.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

Brian, that would be a great feature to have. I also agree that we now have available technology to make this type of capture possible if we could get the software template to be created to sew all of the videos together into one resource. I also think this type of tool could be used to allow students to view their interactions on group learning activities to provide them with feedback on how they did on their group skills such as turn-taking, facilitation skills, reflective listening skills, etc.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

A colleague of mine just pointed out a resource that is similar to this (at least the master teacher commentary) being done by the National Board. (see link below) called ATLAS. From their website, "The National Board aims to support teacher preparation by offering ATLAS (Accomplished Teaching, Learning and SchoolsTM). ATLAS is a unique, searchable online library of authentic videos showing National Board Certified Teachers at work in the classroom. Each video is accompanied by the teacher's written reflection about the instruction or the activity shown. Aligned to professional teaching standards and indexed by teachers, ATLAS serves as a window into what accomplished teaching looks like." This project has the master teacher commentary component but as per my response to Val above, I would like to advocate for a tool to be developed that would allow me and other teachers to see ALL the classroom interactions during any (whether my own or that of a master teacher) given lesson .

Over 3 Years Ago

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Lisa H Community Guide

Palmyra Area School District

Hi Brian. This is an interesting concept. I love the idea of multiple frames or switching lenses. I am wondering how we define "exemplary," as well as what we might be able to learn from watching / listening to any teacher, not just master teachers.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

Lisa, I was thinking that it would be helpful to have some "exemplary" video samples of teaching to demonstrate for new or novice teachers for a given instructional strategy. For me "exemplary" would be a video that has undergone critical peer review and been found to provide a solid example of teaching practices that are supported by research and in-line with quality teaching standards, like those used by the National Board. I agree that these types of videos would be an excellent tool for individual teachers to reflect on their own practice as well as for sharing with a colleague to provide helpful feedback on their teaching strengths and possible areas for growth. I just hope that we can develop some low-cost tools and solutions to make such videos a reality for ANY interested teacher.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Brandy P Community Guide

LA Urban Teacher Residency

Hi Bruce- Wonderful idea! I like the way that resembles Atlas, but with the multi cam feature. Who do you foresee managing the process? What is the time estimate to produce an exemplary video?

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

As per my reply to Rosa (see below) I think the availability of small cameras and video uploading websites make these multi-camera-track videos possible without needing extensive pre-filming work or post production work before one could gain valuable insight into one's own teaching practice. I think a group like National Board or another non-profit group could create the framework for these types of videos and some award winning teachers could have some videos made of their classes at different times of the year. I would not see this as a tool you would use every week of teaching but rather at certain intervals or for specific targeted demonstrations on a given instructional strategy. I also like the idea of having videos of various times of a given unit so viewers can see how instructional choices can change during a lesson depending upon the progress or lack of progress made by the students.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Rosa I Community Guide

Lawndale Elementary School District

Absolutely an intriguing idea. The ability to go back to video and observe levels of student engagement is a great reflection tool. I wonder about editing and narrating...I envision raw data captured from different angles. The narrator/master teacher would guide the viewer through the journey. Is the narrator critiquing and pointing out areas of greatness/improvement, or do you envision the narrator leading the viewing experience with (guiding) discussion questions?

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

I think the power in this type of resource is that you could really have both sound tracks added to the video resource. I know that when I'm working with student teachers I try to bring to the surface the unseen choices that I'm making for a given lesson. Sometimes those choices are planned but many times I'm making choices on the fly based upon student responses or feedback I'm receiving from probing questions or formative assessments I'm giving during the lesson. One of the challenges for new teachers is that they are not able to simultaneously observe, analyze, and respond in real-time to a classroom full of students so this type of multi-camera-track video would allow me to say things like, "Did you notice student "X" at the back table? See how she asked a great clarifying question to her shoulder partner who was then able to rephrase his response in a way that better accounted for the data from the observed event? I chose to stay quiet during the exchange and then give the high-five to that student who asked the great clarifying question because she had demonstrated her ability to respectfully challenge the reasoning of a colleague." It would also be great to add a track for guiding discussion questions so that teachers could be challenged to think of ways to improve the lesson or the execution of an instructional practice within his/her own context.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Rosa I Community Guide

Lawndale Elementary School District

Excellent! What are your thoughts about the time and process it may take to create this type of incredible video learning experience?

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

I would love to have the opportunity to try to develop a modular system that could be placed at various parts of a classroom and use webcam-type cameras that are synchronized to a central collection computer. If we were able to develop a template on a video sharing site to upload the different videos then a teacher-commentary sound track could be added without too much additional work. Given current technology used for surveillance systems that use small HD cameras, I think this project is very possible and could be streamlined to make the creation of such videos available to many teachers in many different school settings. It would be more complicated than just setting up a single camera in a classroom but with the current technology, creating these types of videos should not need to be done only on a sound stage or a specially equipped super classroom.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

Another idea that came to mind on how these multi-camera-track videos could be used would be in the area of getting feedback from remote colleagues who are mentor teachers to you in your specific content area of teaching. In my school, I do not have any administrators who were classroom science teachers so they are not able to provide feedback on the content specific instructional practices that I am using in my classroom. I would love to be able to share a multi-camera-track video with my colleague across town (or across the country) who is a Presidential Award for Excellence in Science Teaching (PAEMST) winner look at my classroom practice and provide feedback on how I could improve the teaching of a specific chemistry topic. He would be able to see the entire classroom presentation as well as what the students actually did as a result of my teaching.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Elaine S

Downers Grove North High School

Your idea about working with mentor teachers from outside the school building is so interesting. I wonder, too, whether those partnerships could form larger groups to create a network of PLN's focusing on similar yet unique methodologies, each with the power to transform the classroom.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Kip H Community Guide

Oldham County High School, ECET2; ECET2KY; Hope Street Group

Hi Bruce, great idea about collaborating with colleagues in a similar discipline. What would be the best way to archive and share these videos?

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

Kip, I think the easiest way would be able to build a template that allowed all of the videos to be on a web video streaming server (like Youtube) but control the access so that the teacher would allow certain people to have access to the videos. Then, if the teacher wanted to share an annotated video, she could post the link on the public access page. Do you think this approach would provide a satisfactory balance between teacher control and public access?

Over 3 Years Ago

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I think this is a great idea! It could help solve the problem that is always present during group work--to capture the ideas of all the groups, instead of just the one you can touch base with during the work time. I wonder if it could also be used for assessment purposes as we make CCSS shifts, because it allows teachers to capture conversations. This could be especially helpful for some of the shifts like those of math standards for mathematical practice.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Bruce W

Olathe Northwest High School

Rachel, I agree that this type of tool would be a powerful tool for allowing students to review their own CCSS speaking and listening skills within a group context. This could even be used to do peer review of another group's interaction and the skills demonstrated by their fellow students. I would love to build up a set of great examples of student-to-student interactions within group learning activities in my classroom setting so students would be able to get a better idea of what our target skills looked like in an authentic learning environment. I would also love to ask some of our industry partners (I teach in a Career and Technical Education Pathway or CTE Pathway so we have regular meetings with business partners to review the relevance of our program's learning targets) to create a short video of a professional group decision making meeting (obviously of non-business-critical decisions) so students could see what happens in the current business world as well.

Over 3 Years Ago

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Thanks for your response. It made me think about the partnership ideas with other businesses. I think that's a great idea. I wonder if there are other ways to leverage video of businesses to support teachers. For example, could businesses be interviewed via video or video call about their careers? I think the partnerships are a really interesting idea.

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